Soviet State and the Imperialist Colonies: The emergence of Soviet Union as a socialist state gave added strength to freedom movements in colonial possessions. Describe the views of radicals. The Russian Revolution prompted governments all over the world to introduce legislative reforms to improve the conditions of workers. Feudal aristocracies had been replaced by a new middle class. The people of Russia hailed these measures taken by the new government. Main Changes Brought About by the Bolsheviks: Social inequalities were to be abolished and right to work was given a consti­tutional status. By the early years of the twentieth century, socialist ideas had taken roots in a number of European countries. France had be­come a republic. This had become necessary to ensure that the existing political systems were not overthrown the way it hap­pened in Russia. 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The Social Democrats and Socialist-Revolutionaries worked with peasants and Workers during the revolution of 1905 to demand a constitution. Lt was called the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR). The event that actually took place on November 7 is referred to as the October Revolution. As discussed in the first chapter of the French Revolution, opportunities for dramatic change have been created, including equality, fraternity and freedom in Europe. Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Class 9 MCQs Questions with Answers. It was the time when new cities developed and railways expanded to start the Industrial Revolution. Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Class 9 Extra Questions and Answer History Chapter 2 Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) Questions. Paul Milyukoff acted as the Foreign Minister. Banks, insurance companies, water, transport and railways were nationalized. What was Lenin’s contribution in the Russian Revolution? The communist system in USSR collapsed in 1991 and Soviet Union disintegrated into a Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS). The peasants had very small and uneconomic hold­ings. They did not have any capital to invest on their small holdings. Tsar was not subject to parliament. Mr. Manish Kumar has been teaching Political Science to Class IX, X, XI and XII for last five years.He has completed his graduation from Moti Lal Nehru College, University of Delhi. Communist parties were formed in many other countries outside USSR for achieving a similar objective. Sir, I am Lakshay Kaushik. (i) Tolerating all religions. Copyright 10. He has attended various Seminars conducted by CBSE. The workers did not have any political rights. The policies of the communist parties outside USSR were largely determined by the com­munist party of the Soviet Union. CONTENTS • THE AGE OF SOCIAL CHANGE - Liberals - Radicals - Conservatives • Industries and Social Change • Socialism in Europe -Robert … Socialist Revolutionary Party was another party of the workers that voiced the demands of the Russian peasants. This test is Rated positive by 85% students preparing for Class 9.This MCQ test is related to Class 9 syllabus, prepared by Class 9 teachers. A number of capitalist societies offer to their workers better conditions of work that were at one time believed to be the exclusive domain of communist societies. The provisional government freed the political pris­oners. (iv) equal status for non-Russian nationalities. They wanted to reform it as a nation that would tolerate all religion. Choose the correct option: Question 1. Answer: Question 2. Answer. By practicing Class 9 History Chapter 2 MCQ with Answers, you can score well in the exam. The Czar had made great efforts to ensure that only his men were elected. Within this party one group favoured a party on the model of similar parties in France and Germany. It failed to respond to changing world conditions. The workers were divided in different social groups, but often united to strike work in factories. The Bolsheviks were for a party that would work towards a revolution in Russia. After Marx and Angels, he is regarded as the greatest leader of the socialist movement in Russia. His programme attracted the Soviets as he was for total transfer of power from the provisional government to the Soviets. The officers of the Czar’s army organized and rebelled against the new Soviet State. Things had not changed materially with the abolition of serfdom in 1861 by Czar Alexander II. The Age of Social Change The French Revolution opened up the possibility of creating a dramatic change in the way in which society was structured. Answer The Social, economic and political conditions in Russia … Sun-Yat-Sen was assisted by the Soviet government in his efforts to Unify China. All estates of the landlords, the Church and the Czar were transferred to peasant societies to be allotted to peasant families and to be cultivated without hired labour. The right to property was respected but social insurance was introduced to ensure that no one starved. In contrast, radicals wanted a nation in which government was based on the majority of a … Plagiarism Prevention 4. Online Test of Chapter 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Test 1 History (Social Science S.St)| Class 9th 1. Later this party was merged with other socialist groups to form the Russian Social Democratic Labour party in 1898. It is condemned as it failed to hold together the Re- publics that had come together to form the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR). Question 1. 4540. Socialism in Europe and the Russia Revolution Class 9 Extra Questions Long Answer Type Questions. Officers were selected not on the basis of their ability but on their privileged connections. Get Notes Here:- https://payments.pabbly.com/subscribe/5e2954ad14a2e43f1110d5ef/notesAbout Us:Magnet Brains Software Technology Pvt. He was completely dependent on his wife who in turn was dominated by Rasputin, a friend of the Royals. Not everyone in Europe, however, wanted a complete … The bureaucracy was inefficient. The Germans were able to badly defeat the Russians. (ii) Opposing the uncontrolled power of dynastic rulers. What distinguishes liberals from democrats? His manifesto promised free­dom of speech, Press and conferred the power to make laws on an elected body-Duma. Hence the name February Revolution, the incident however relates to March 12, 1917. February Revolution—Events and Effects: The first notable event in the course of Russian Revo­lution occurred on February 27, 1917 according to the Russian Calendar. Political leaders involved in freedom struggle started thinking of political changes more in terms of social changes. Communist States like China have made several compromises in the communist ideology. These affiliated themselves to the Comintern or the Communist International formed in USSR. The republics that formed the Union were given the autonomy to develop their own languages and culture. Monarchy was replaced. But the outbreak of the First World War gave a severe set-back to socialist movement. Conditions were ripe for the overthrow of the existing government. The October revolution transformed Russia into a Communist State. Mu­tinies broke out in navy and army. TOS 7. Immediately after the Second World War (1945) was over, Britain came out with the Beveridge Plan for social security. 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